Give a brief idea about hand weaving of India Largest Online Education Community

With the right policy framework, there surely can be peaceful co-existence between the two. Though the textile and spinning mills continued in Independent India, handloom / khadi were given a lot of protection from unfair competition. When yarn came from a distance and had to be bought, yarn dealers and financiers became necessary. And as the average weaver had little credit, the industry fell more and more into the grip of middlemen. Thus the independence of most weavers disappeared, and a great majority of them came to work for a Trader on contract/ wage basis.

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The Himachali shawl is a light woolen fabric measuring 1mtrs x 2mtrs. The fibre is merino wool, local sheep wool, pashmina, angora and mixture of these. Saraf wrote in his book Indian Crafts shawls have been the Himachals specialty. The skilled Himachali weavers found inspiration in their beautiful environment and mythology. The central government needs to recognise the value of the handloom sector in sustainable development. On its own, the government would never be able to provide employment to such a large workforce. Going by the logic of liberalisation itself, the government in turn ought to formulate, promote and encourage policies that sustain this employment.

Only tenpercent of respondents had learnt this craft from their friends. Duringdiscussion it was found that only 32% of the weavers attended one or anothertraining program. Post the WTO Agreement on Textile Clothing, there is going to be more free export and import of textiles. The handloom sector, as a traditional area, can claim some special packages or discriminatory measures, to protect this kind of production. While there are suggestions that handloom sector should increase its design in response to changes in the market, the bottlenecks are many. The lack of change is not due to the weaver not being amenable to change, as is bandied.

The Nal Pherma saris were woven on this loom which had one colour in one border, another in the other border and a different one in the body of the sari. Nowadays, however, only the Fly-shuttle looms are in use and these are operated by a single weaver. Experience the richest of cultural art and craft forms from India that contribute to its stellar heritage. The most traditional and authentic paintings and more are just a click away.

Decline of Handloom

Then, all this is taken to the weaver who then begins work on it. I feel the need of the hour is to not eliminate what we have but to help nurture it. Handloom products must be marketed to niche clients, who appreciate the value of handmade products and are willing to pay a premium for them. According to mythology, Markandeya supposedly wove the first fabric from the fibres of the lotus flower to clothe the gods. On National Handloom Day, Sahapedia looks at some of the dedicated weaving communities of India, whose lives and livelihoods intertwined in the very patterns that they create. The silk yarn dying process takes about 45 to 60 minutes depending on the colour.

Bamboo And Cane Craft, Arunachal Pradesh

The beauty springs from keeping the identity/ technique of the cluster and juxtaposing it with sensibilities that resonate with the present times. Indian textiles have witnessed an amalgamation of varied textures of the finest moga yarn, pure zari and silk. In textures, changes have occurred, like silk by muga for its substantive solidity, tissue by tissue for its sheen, silk by silk and the sheer organza to highlight different elements. Over the last 20 years, we have introduced over 20 varied textures in weaving, 100 plus uncommon colour combinations and 300 design innovations using the age-old techniques. Counting to the very luxurious, warm, breathable and lightweight fabric, home furnishing fabrics are very much in use nowadays.

While these are some of the main handloom communities of India, this list is by no means exhaustive. Owing to technological advances and increase literacy, many weavers are either shifting to power looms or leaving the profession entirely. The word ‘Kani’ means ‘wooden bobbins’ or ‘small sticks’, and corresponds with the intricate and arithmetic-based weave from Kashmir. Kani weaving requires immense skill and patience as the famous Kashmiri shawls are woven into intricate patterns, with coloured threads woven on a meticulous, coded motifs drawn by the master craftsman. Also known as Panka and Panikar, the Panika are a Hindu community of weavers who are found in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.